Perspectives: Newspaper Stories and Editorials
In this lesson,
students will research the fur trade and colonization as a result
of the fur trade and write a newspaper and an editorial on the topic
from one of three different perspectives.
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Social Studies (History), Ages 10 to 13
The first portion of the activity involves an introduction/review
of writing for newspapers.
The second portion
involves a small-group discussion of the advantages and disadvantages
of European colonization from the perspectives of different groups.
The third portion
involves writing an article about colonization and three editorials
about the subject.
Note that there
are two printable versions. The Rich Text Format (RTF) can be altered
to suit your classroom needs.
(WCP, APEF); Expectations (ON); Objectives (QC)
the end of these activities, students should be able to:
some of the consequences of Aboriginal and European interaction
classify, and interpret information
- Read non-fiction
materials for a variety of purposes
- Produce pieces
of writing using a variety of forms (e.g. newspaper articles),
techniques and resources appropriate to form and purpose
ideas and information for a variety of purposes and to specific
and Visual Communication
- Express and
respond to a range of ideas and opinions concisely, clearly, and
and work constructively in groups
Arts Outcomes correspond to:
WCP GO - R:
3.2; (W): 2.3; O/V: 5.2, 5.1
Quebec objectives - 2 (Reading); 1 (Writing); 2, 1
APEF CGO - R: 4; (W): 9; O/V: 1, 2.1
Early Canadiana Online: Exploration, the Fur Trade and Hudson's
Company History Page
The National Library of Canada: Pathfinders and Passageways
Museum of New France
Musée Virtuel de la Nouvelle-France
Students will need:
of basic writing style and language conventions appropriate to
- Some basic
knowledge of Canadian history
- Some basic
knowledge of Canadian history an understanding of
- Web navigation
symbols, tools and terminology, particularly the tools used in
Exploration, the Fur Trade and Hudson's Bay Company
- Read the
class a common fairy tale or story, such as The Three Little Pigs
or Little Red Riding Hood.
- Before class,
prepare a newspaper account of the story as well as editorials
from the perspectives of the different characters.
can center on how perspective can influence interpretation of
facts and opinions.
Large Group Work
Review or introduce types of newspaper writing and the differences
between editorials and newspaper stories and the differences between
fact and opinion. Newspaper stories need to include:
the topic of colonization.
- What is colonization?
- How might
life change for all those affected by colonization?
Small Group Work
Different groups brainstorm and list the advantages and disadvantages
of colonization in chart form according to:
- First Nations
- The mother
Results of the
brainstorm are presented to the class.
or Individual Work
Students write a newspaper article reporting on colonization in
North America as a result of the fur trade. Then they write an editorial
discussing colonization from one of the three different perspectives.
should be displayed in a manner suiting class resources. Some suggestions:
- Divide editorials
into groups, and use extracts as banners within these groupings.
- Use pictures
or artistic creations depicting the effects of colonization on
different groups to illustrate.
- What are
the differences between articles and editorials?
- How can one
distinguish between fact and opinion while reading?
- How can perspective
influence the recording of history and what we interpret as "fact"?
See the Assessment Sheet. Educators
may also wish to use student-developed rubrics.
Students could create an artistic representation of the effect of
colonization on different groups.