Copyright & Privacy Policy

Copyright Notice

Copyrights in the various compilations comprising the ECO collection and in the ECO collection as a whole is held by, as is copyright in this website. The reproduction or distribution of any substantial part of the ECO collection or any of the compilations comprising it cannot be done in any manner without permission in writing from While many of the documents, photographs and other works or subject matter available in the ECO collection are in the public domain, this is not always the case. All users of this website are responsible to ascertain for themselves whether any particular work or other subject matter is protected by copyright and to seek any necessary permission from the copyright owner(s) if they intend to use any such material in a manner not covered by the various exceptions such as users' fair dealing rights in the Canadian Copyright Act. The Canadian Copyright Board can provide a license in some instances when permission is required and the copyright owner is unlocatable. Canadian and foreign users are also reminded that the term and other aspects of copyright protection may vary in other countries. Users are urged to seek legal advice when in doubt. does not provide any legal advice and nothing on this website should be taken as such. and Early Canadiana Online are registered trade marks of

How to cite our resources provides access to our databases, educational resources, and microfiche collection, for purposes of research, private study and personal use. When using extracts, please include the following credit information:

Early Canadiana Online

Include CIHM number, and “from Early Canadiana Online, produced by"

Exploration, the Fur Trade and Hudson’s Bay Company

Cite the learning resource title and include “produced by”

Canada in the Making

Cite the learning resource title and include “produced by”


Include CIHM number, and “produced by”

For uses other than research, private study and personal use (such as publication or distribution), please contact


Please note that does not provide copies of the materials on our web site for sale. Please refer to our subscription page for information.

Reproductions of titles on microfiche are available for purchase. Please contact us for a catalogue and prices.

Privacy Policy


Certain personal information is required to sign on a subscriber, send out renewals, and for general communication. This confidential information is for’s internal use only and is retained for the duration of the subscription. When a subscriber cancels, the identifying information is deleted.

Appropriate safeguards are in place to ensure the security, integrity and privacy of personally-identifiable information about subscribers.

Names of subscribing institutions are posted on our web site.

The subscription survey is optional and is intended strictly for internal use by only.


When you visit our digital collections, we automatically collect information about your visit, including: your computer’s IP address, the date and time of your request, the search terms you enter, and the pages and documents you view. If you are a Early Canadiana Online subscriber (ECO), we identify and log the subscription under which you are using ECO. For personal subscriptions, this means we can identify you personally, but if you are using an institutional subscription (for example, at a university) we only identify you as being a user from that institution.

We do not use this data in a way which attempts to identify you personally, except when providing technical support and diagnosing technical problems. Where we do discover your personal identity as a result of performing these functions, we do not keep permanent records linking your identity to a particular set of transactions.

We provide subscribing institutions with aggregate anonymous usage metrics, but we do not provide any information about specific sessions or any information which can be linked back to any particular individual or computer.

Bulletin and Newsletter

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