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Primary and Secondary Sources in Government Documents

This page lists the significant primary and secondary sources available in the Government Documents collection.

Constitutional Documents
Aboriginal Treaties and Related Documents
Pioneers and Immigrants

Constitutional Documents

Major Constitutional Documents
Other Sources of Constitutional Documents

Major Constitutional Documents
Below you will find a list of major documents that have helped shape the Canadian Constitution since 1760.

Articles of Capitulation, Montreal, Sept. 8, 1760 (bilingual)

Royal Proclamation, Oct. 7th, 1763 (bilingual)

The Québec Act, 1774 (bilingual)

The Constitutional Act, 1791

Act of Union, 1840

British North America Act, 1867 (bilingual)

Statute of Westminster, 1931

Canada Act, 1982

Constitution Act, 1982

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Other Sources of Constitutional Documents
These texts, first compiled almost a hundred years ago, remain an excellent source of material.

Documents Relating to the Constitutional History of Canada, 1759-1791
Adam Shortt and Arthur G. Doughty, 1918
Volume I
Volume II

Documents relating to the Constitutional History of Canada, 1791-1818
Arthur G. Doughty and Duncan A. McArthur, 1914

Documents Relating to the Constitutional History of Canada, 1819-1828
Arthur G. Doughty and Norah Storey, 1935

Statutes, Treaties and Documents of the Canadian Constitution, 1713-1929
W.P.M. Kennedy, 1930

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Aboriginal Treaties and Related Documents

Major Treaties
Other Significant Documents Affecting Aboriginals
Other Sources of Treaty Documents

Major Treaties
Below you will find a list of major treaties between European colonial powers or the Canadian government and Aboriginal peoples in Canada after 1760.

The Selkirk Treaty, 1817

The Robinson Superior Treaty, 1850

The Robinson Huron Treaty, 1850

The Manitoulin Island Treaty, 1862

Treaty Number One, 1871

Treaty Number Two, 1871

Treaty Number Three, 1873

Treaty Number Four, 1874

Treaty Number Five, 1875

Treaty Number Six, 1876

Treaty Number Seven, 1877

Treaty Number Eight, 1899

Treaty Number Nine, 1905

Treaty Number Ten, 1906

Treaty Number Eleven, 1921

Williams Treaties, 1923 - Chippewa Indians

Williams Treaties, 1923 - Mississauga Indians

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Other Significant Documents Affecting Aboriginals

Jay Treaty, 1794
English
French


Indian Act, 1876

Indian Act, 1985

James Bay and Northern Québec Native Claims Settlement Act, 1975

Cree-Naskapi (of Québec) Act, 1984

Western Arctic (Inuvialuit) Claims Settlement Act, 1984

Nunavut Act

Nisaga'a Final Agreement Act

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Other Sources of Treaty Documents
These texts, first compiled over a hundred years ago, remain an excellent source of material.

Indian treaties and surrenders, from 1680 to 1890
Canada (1891)
Volume I
Volume II

The Treaties of Canada with the Indians of Manitoba and the North-West Territories including the Negotiations on which they were based.
Alexander Morris, 1880

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Pioneers and Immigrants

Major Immigration Documents
Other Significant Documents Affecting Immigration
Other Miscellaneous Documents

Major Immigration Documents
Below are some documents that affected or shaped Canadian immigration policy:

An act concerning emigrants and quarantine, 1866 / Un acte concernant les émigrants et la quarantaine, 1866 (bilingual on opposite pages)

Chinese Immigration Act, 1885

Statutes passed by the colonies to restrict Pauper Immigration, 1886

An act to amend the Chinese Immigration Act, 1887

An act to amend the Chinese Immigration Act, 1892

Extracts from the Immigration Act, circa 1893

Extracts from the Quarantine Act, circa 1893

Chinese Immigration Act, 1901

Immigration Act, 1906
Acte concernant l'immigration et les immigrants, 1906

Immigration Act, 1910
Acte concernant l'immigration et les immigrants, 1910

War Measures Act, 1914
La Loi des mesures de guerre, 1914

Wartime Elections Act, 1917
La Loi des élections en temps de guerre, 1917

Immigration Act, 1919
Loi modifiant la loi de l'immigration, 1919

Chinese Exclusion Act, 1923
Un acte concernant Chinois D'Exclusion, 1923

Immigration Act, 1952
Loi concernant l'immigration, 1952

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Other Significant Documents Affecting Immigration

Regulations to be observed for the orderly and expeditious settlement of New Brunswick, 14th January 1785

An Act for encouraging new settlers in his Majesty's Colonies and Plantations in America (1790)

Copy of a Circular dispatch addressed to the governors of Lower Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick by Viscount Goderich, 11 December 1831

Lower Canada: An Act to create a fund for defraying the Expense of providing Medical Assistance for Sick Emigrants ... , 25 February 1832

Nova Scotia: An Act relating to passengers from Great Britain and Ireland arriving in this province, 10 February 1832

New Brunswick: An Act to regulate Vessels arriving from the United Kingdom with passengers and emigrants

An act to repeal certain Acts [regarding British emigrants to Lower Canada], probably circa 1849 (About taxes on new emigrants, and certain emigrants who were not allowed into the province, like the mentally ill.)

Information for the use of Military and Naval Officers proposing to settle in the British Colonies, 1834

Dominion Lands Act, 1872
Acte concernant les terres publiques de la Puissance, 1872


Dominion Lands Act (revisions), 1879

Dominion Lands Act (revisions), 1883


Dominion Lands Act legislation affecting Manitoba and the North West Territories

Further acts affecting the emigration of children (Under British Law)

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Other Sources of Treaty Documents

Acts of the legislatures of the provinces now comprised in the Dominion, and of Canada, 1887 (Contains at least 35 documents related to the construction of various Canadian railways; see indexes)

Actes des législatures des provinces formant aujourd'hui partie de la puissance et actes du Canada, 1887

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The North West Mounted Police Act, 1873

Acte concernant l'administration de la justice et l'établissement d'un corps de police dans le Territories du Nord-Ouest

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An act to further amend the North West Mounted Police Act, 1875

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An act to amend the North West Mounted Police Pension Act, 1900

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