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Aboriginal Treaties

Saskatchewan Curriculum Objectives

Social Studies 10
History 10
History 30

Grade 10 Objectives (Social Studies 10)

Core Concept: Economic Decision Making

  • Know that beliefs and values of a society will affect its social and political organization.

Related Contentent

  • Economic Development in Saskatchewan: During the 19th century, the Federal government made some fundamental decisions about the economy of the prairies and the future of the people there.

  • Look at government documents concerning future of Rupert's Land and the peoples there.

Grade 10 Objectives (History 10)
Objectives
Unit 1: Political Decision Making

Core Concept: Social Organizations

  • Know that humans establish various kinds of organizations as a means of systematically meeting their needs and wants.

  • Know that any group or organization must decide on some means of decision making that will allow it to function effectively.

  • Know that groups or organizations must have some way of resolving differences and making and enforcing conclusions so that a collective course of action can be carried out.

Related Contentent

  • World view and the decision making process: the Aboriginal and European world views.

Unit 4: Imperialism

Core Concept: Acculturation

  • Know that nation states are concerned about their ability to hold necessary hinterlands and to protect the transportation lines to those hinterlands.

Related Contentent

  • The use of national power to protect national self interest.

  • Imperialism in North America in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Grade 12 Objectives (History 30)
Unit 1: Relationships: People and Paradigms
Foundational Objective 1
Know that a worldview is a comprehensive viewpoint that explains the nature of reality, creates expectations, and provides meaning and purpose for people's lives

Core Concept: Paradigms

  • Know that the Europeans operated with a set of paradigms, concerning sovereignty, property, and equality of peoples and societies, that differed greatly from the paradigms of the First Nations.

  • Know that these paradigms influenced the perceptions and actions of both individuals and groups within European and First Nations societies.

Foundational Objective 2

  • Know that every society will evolve assumptions and practices that surround the key societal relationship between the peoples and the "land".

Core Concepts: Land

  • Know that First Nations assumptions about ownership of the land did not mirror those held by the colonizing Europeans.

  • Know that the Europeans viewed North America as being a vast reservoir of resources to be utilized by those willing to extend the effort and expend the costs of acquiring those resources.

Foundational Objective 3
Know that within every society, there will exist a contest among groups to gain influence over the societal decision-making processes.

  • The use of national power to protect national self interest.

  • Imperialism in North America in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Core Concepts: Decision Making

  • Know that the colonizing powers were determined to institute their decision-making paradigm on their colonies in North America.

  • Know that colonial decision making was the prerogative of the governing European power rather than either the residents of the colonies or the First Nations.

Foundational Objective 4
Know that within every society, there will exist a contest among groups to gain influence over the societal decision-making processes.

  • The use of national power to protect national self interest.

  • Imperialism in North America in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Core Concepts: Acculturation

  • Know that British colonial policies, directed towards French Canadians and the First Nations, fluctuated between attempts to assimilate those populations and attempts to accommodate them.

Unit 2: The Nineteenth Century: The Road to Democracy
Foundational Objective 1
Know that within societies, there exists a competition among interest groups for influence over the society's decision-making processes, and that those groups will vary in terms of their ability to influence those processes.

Core Concept: Interest Group

  • Know that the francophone and anglophone populations of Central Canada possessed the economic and political power to influence the political structure of the proposed new nation.

Core Concept: Federalism

  • Know that the Canadian federal system of government is one in which political decision making is constitutionally allocated to either the national government or to provincial governments.

  • Know that federalism balances the desire for overall unity with a desire to retain local or regional autonomy.

  • Know that establishment of provincial governments reflected the concern of the both the francophone population of Quebec, and the Maritime Provinces, that a single national government would be dominated by Central Canada and would not represent the interests and well-being of other regions and populations of the nation.

Core Concept: Decision Making

  • Know that the regions of Canada have varying degrees of political and economic influence over national decision making.

  • Know that the federal government did not involve the Aboriginal population and other residents of Rupert's Land in determining their opinions and needs.

Core Concept: Métis

  • Know that Canadian acquisition of the North West had consequences for the Métis people of that region.

  • Know that large-scale migration of Euro-Canadian settlers to the North West was seen by the Métis as a threat to their traditional economy and cultural identity.

  • Know that the Métis sought, through negotiations, recognition and protection of their rights and landholdings.

  • Know that provisions of the Métis Bill of Rights included:

    • that the territories must have the right to enter Canada's Confederation as a province;
    • that the people would have the right to send four members of Parliament to Ottawa;
    • that the Métis had the right to control their own local affairs;
    • that the Métis wanted French and English languages to be equal in the schools and law courts; and,
    • that the Métis wanted to keep their customs and their Métis way of life.
  • Know that the policies and actions of the Canadian government towards the Métis had a negative impact on the unity of the nation.

Core Concept: First Nations

  • Know that one of the goals of the Canadian government was to implement policies that would lead to assimilation of the First Nations who resided in the former Rupert's Land.

  • Know that the Canadian government planned to relocate the First Nation peoples to reserves and thereby make the land available for European settlers to establish an agricultural-based economy.

Core Concept: Treaties

  • Know that the Canadian government planned to acquire the lands of the Canadian West by negotiating treaties with the First Nations and that those treaties extinguished First Nations' land claims.

  • Know that the First Nations and the Canadian government held differing assumptions concerning the terms and meaning of the treaties.

Core Concept: Indian Act

  • Know that the Indian Act regulated most aspects of the lives of First Nation peoples.

  • Know that the Indian Act defined who was considered to be an "Indian."

Foundational Objective 3
Know that the history of the Canadian peoples has been greatly influenced by external forces and events.

Core Concept: External Influence
Related Content

The Search for Economic Well-being: The National Policy

  • The Canadian West and the Euro-Canadian Vision

  • Securing the Canadian West: New Canadians and Their Well-being

  • The Treaties and the Indian Act

  • Unrest in the West: Riel and National Unity

Unit 5: Challenges and Opportunities
Foundational Objective 1

Know that within the Canadian community, seeking of new relationships that satisfy the needs of an increasingly diverse society is proving to be a difficult process.

Core Concept: Assimilation

  • Know that through agencies such as the Department of Indian Affairs, the federal government established the goals and priorities of policies directed at Aboriginal people.

  • Know that the assimilation of Aboriginal peoples remained the desired option of government.

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