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Saskatchewan Curriculum Objectives

Grade 12 Objectives (History 30)

Unit 1: Relationships: People and Paradigms
Foundational Objective 3

Know that within every society, there will exist a contest among groups to gain influence over the societal decision-making processes.

Core Concepts: Responsible Government

  • Know that the process leading to the implementation of responsible government involved an active debate among competing ideological paradigms, each defining the relationship between the individual and the societal decision-making processes and institutions.

  • Know that responsible government permits those who govern to administer laws on the basis of the authority they obtain from the elected representatives of the general population.

Core Concepts: Representative Government

  • Know that representative government is practised when the public elects persons to act on its behalf in deliberations surrounding political decision making.

  • Know that those elected representatives are periodically accountable to the public.

Core Concepts: Loyalists

  • Know that the Loyalists expected to retain their existing political rights, including representative government, upon their migration to British North America.

Core Concepts: Oligarchy

  • Know that an oligarchy is a political structure in which societal decision making is controlled by a small group of individuals.

  • Know that political and economic elites held significant control over the decision-making processes in both Upper Canada and Lower Canada, and were reluctant to entertain meaningful political change.

  • Know that members and supporters of the economic and political elites in early nineteenth century British North America were often referred to as "Tories."

Core Concepts: Reformers

  • Know that between 1820 and 1850, reform movements emerged in all the British North American colonies, and competed for influence over the political decision-making processes and institutions.

  • Know that Canadian reformers believed that society needed a government that represented the interests of the general population, not a wealthy elite.

  • Know that reformers believed that government should be held accountable to the general populace by means of an elected assembly and periodic elections.

Foundational Objective 4
Know that the well-being of every society will be influenced by sustained contact with other societies.

Core Concepts: Acculturation

  • Know that British colonial policies, directed towards French Canadians and the First Nations, fluctuated between attempts to assimilate those populations and attempts to accommodate them.

Core Concepts: Assimilation

  • Know that British authorities believed that long-term political stability in British North America would require the assimilation of the francophone population of the former New France.

Unit 2: The Nineteenth Century: The Road to Democracy
Foundational Objective 1

Know that within societies, there exists a competition among interest groups for influence over the society's decision-making processes, and that those groups will vary in terms of their ability to influence those processes.

Core Concept: Federalism

  • Know that the Canadian federal system of government is one in which political decision making is constitutionally allocated to either the national government or to provincial governments.

  • Know that federalism balances the desire for overall unity with a desire to retain local or regional autonomy.

  • Know that establishment of provincial governments reflected the concern of the both the francophone population of Québec, and the Maritime Provinces, that a single national government would be dominated by Central Canada and would not represent the interests and well-being of other regions and populations of the nation.

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