A Timeline of Canada's Constitutional Evolution
Saskatchewan Curriculum Objectives
Grade 12 Objectives (History 30)
Unit 1: Relationships: People and Paradigms
Foundational Objective 3
Know that within every society, there will exist a contest among
groups to gain influence over the societal decision-making processes.
Core Concepts: Responsible Government
Know that the process leading to the implementation of responsible
government involved an active debate among competing ideological
paradigms, each defining the relationship between the individual
and the societal decision-making processes and institutions.
Know that responsible government permits those who govern to
administer laws on the basis of the authority they obtain from
the elected representatives of the general population.
Core Concepts: Representative Government
Know that representative government is practised when the public
elects persons to act on its behalf in deliberations surrounding
political decision making.
Know that those elected representatives are periodically accountable
to the public.
Core Concepts: Loyalists
Core Concepts: Oligarchy
Know that an oligarchy is a political structure in which societal
decision making is controlled by a small group of individuals.
Know that political and economic elites held significant control
over the decision-making processes in both Upper Canada and
Lower Canada, and were reluctant to entertain meaningful political
Know that members and supporters of the economic and political
elites in early nineteenth century British North America were
often referred to as "Tories."
Core Concepts: Reformers
Know that between 1820 and 1850, reform movements emerged in
all the British North American colonies, and competed for influence
over the political decision-making processes and institutions.
Know that Canadian reformers believed that society needed a
government that represented the interests of the general population,
not a wealthy elite.
Know that reformers believed that government should be held
accountable to the general populace by means of an elected assembly
and periodic elections.
Foundational Objective 4
Know that the well-being of every society will be influenced by
sustained contact with other societies.
Core Concepts: Acculturation
Core Concepts: Assimilation
Unit 2: The Nineteenth Century: The Road to Democracy
Foundational Objective 1
Know that within societies, there exists a competition among interest
groups for influence over the society's decision-making processes,
and that those groups will vary in terms of their ability to influence
Core Concept: Federalism
Know that the Canadian federal system of government is one
in which political decision making is constitutionally allocated
to either the national government or to provincial governments.
Know that federalism balances the desire for overall unity
with a desire to retain local or regional autonomy.
Know that establishment of provincial governments reflected
the concern of the both the francophone population of Québec,
and the Maritime Provinces, that a single national government
would be dominated by Central Canada and would not represent
the interests and well-being of other regions and populations
of the nation.