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Manitoba Curriculum Objectives

Goals (Senior 3)

Canada Today – Canadian Studies

This site will help students reach the following understandings as part of the Senior 1 curriculum:

  • The evolution of Canada as a nation has been and continues to be influenced by a variety of internal factors, including size and cultural diversity, as well as external factors

  • The population of Canada is a very diverse one, built up by successive waves of immigration.

  • European colonies in North America exhibited significant differences but also had important elements in common.

  • Canada has developed from a system of regional communities with differing interests and perspectives.

  • The history of the local area and region follows unique patterns, yet it is related to national and international history.

Unit 1 – The Peopling of Canada

2. Immigration: 1600 to Present
The following groups and periods should be studied:

  • The French, 1600 to 1760

  • The Loyalists

  • British Immigration, 1800 to 1860 (with emphasis on the Great Migration)

  • Multicultural Migration, 1867 to 1929 (special emphasis on 1896 to 1914)

  • Migration, 1930 to Present (including refugees and restrictions)

  • Special Migrations (for example, the gold rushes, Blacks in the Maritimes)

Teachers should apply the following questions (where appropriate) to each of the above, and try to personalize them with examples of individuals or families wherever possible.

  • What are the characteristics of various periods of immigration? Where did immigrants originate? When? Why did they come? How did they come? How many? Where did they settle? Who was displaced in the process? How were they accepted? What percentage of the population do they constitute today?

  • How did Canada affect the immigrants?

  • Has Canada treated all immigrants equally? (Examples: Chinese, Jews of the 1930s, Japanese-Canadians during World War II.)

Unit IV – Social and Economic Changes in Modern Canada Since 1850

1. The effect of Industrialization on Rural and Urban Canada

  • What were the social and economic characteristics of the way of life of a pre-industrial (1850) rural society? (Consider: roles of family members, their occupations, use of time, educational opportunities, transportation and communication methods.)

  • What effect have the changes in farm and household technology had on the economic way of life in rural Canada? On the social organization (e.g., use of time, standard of living, educational opportunities, transportation and communication links)?

Unit V – Western Canada

4. “The Last Best West” (1896 to the Present)

  • How did the prosperity of the period between 1896 and1929 affect the people in western Canada? (Consider the effect of rapid growth upon prairie cities and rural communities in the West.)


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