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Themes:
Constitutional History
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Aboriginals: Treaties & Relations
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Pionniers et Immigrants
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Aboriginal Treaties

Ontario Curriculum Expectations

Grade 8 Social Studies
Grade 10 Aboriginal Peoples in Canada

Grade 11 Understanding Canadian Law (University Prep)
Grade 12 Canada: History, Identity, and Culture
Grade 12 Aboriginal Governance: Emerging Directions


Expectations (Grade 8 Social Studies)
History: a Changing Society

Overall Expectations
By the end of Grade 8, students will:

  • demonstrate an understanding of how diverse groups and individuals have contributed to the historical, cultural, and economic development of Canada

Specific Expectations
Understanding Concepts
By the end of Grade 8, students will:

  • describe the impact of the Indian Act of 1876 on Aboriginal peoples

History: All Above
Specific Expectations

Developing Inquiry/Research and Communication Skills
By the end of Grade 8, students will:

  • formulate questions to facilitate research on particular topics

  • locate relevant information, using a variety of sources

  • analyse, synthesize, and evaluate historical information

  • analyse and describe conflicting points of view about an historical issue

  • communicate the results of inquiries for specific purposes and audiences, using media works, political cartoons, oral presentations, written notes and reports, drawings, tables, charts, and graphs


Expectations for Aboriginal Peoples in Canada
Grade 10, Open
Sovereignty

Overall Expectations
By the end of this course, students will:

  • identify historic and contemporary events affecting the self-determination of Aboriginal peoples

Methods of Historical Inquiry

Overall Expectations
By the end of this course, students will:

  • research and explain historical topics and issues related to Aboriginal peoples

  • research and describe relevant information about Native studies using a variety of sources of information

  • demonstrate understanding of how to analyse and evaluate information when conducting research on a historical topic or issue

  • demonstrate the ability to apply insights gained in Native studies to other situations and communicate the results of research in oral and written presentations


Expectations for Understanding Canadian Law
(Grade 11, University/College Preparation)
Rights and Freedoms

Overall Expectations

By the end of this course, students will:

  • identify historical and contemporary barriers to the equal enjoyment of human rights in Canada and evaluate their effects

Specific Expectations
Barriers to Human Rights
By the end of this course, students will:

  • describe historical and contemporary situations in which rights in Canada have been denied (e.g., rights of Japanese in the Second World War, Aboriginal rights to land, women's rights, rights of physically or mentally challenged persons)


Expectations for Aboriginal Governance: Emerging Directions
Grade 12, University/College Preparation
Relationships

Overall Expectations

By the end of this course, students will:

  • demonstrate an understanding of the historical context that underlies current relationships between Aboriginal peoples and the government of Canada

  • describe the changing nature of the legal and political relationships between Aboriginal peoples and the government of Canada

Specific Expectations
Aboriginal World View
By the end of this course, students will:

  • describe ways in which Aboriginal peoples define nation-to-nation relationships with the government of Canada (e.g., any of the "numbered treaties")


Aboriginal and Canadian Relations
By the end of this course, students will:

  • describe ways in which history influences the current relationship between Aboriginal peoples and the government of Canada (e.g., Royal Proclamation of 1763, the Jay Treaty of 1794, pre-Confederation treaties, the eleven "numbered treaties" from 1871 to 1921);

  • demonstrate an understanding of the legal and political relationship between Aboriginal peoples and the British Crown (e.g., the Covenant Chain, fiduciary obligation based on the Indian Act, the Niagara Treaty)

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