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Ruling Wisely? British Rule after the Conquest
An essay using the Canada in the Making site
When the British took control of New France in 1763, they found
themselves ruling a vast area populated by a people who spoke a
different language, had different customs, different systems of
government and law, different religious beliefs and different social
relationships. Naturally, this presented problems. The essay assigned
below will give students the opportunity to compare two early Canadian
constitutional documents that attempted to deal with these issues.
Social Studies (History) and Language Arts; Ages 16 and up
This is an essay requiring that students become familiar with two
constitutional documents. It can be an independent or group/paired
activity for the purposes of gathering information, and will require
three to four sessions online to complete.
Note that the sources used in ECO can be printed from the browser
and then photocopied.
Outcomes (WCP, APEF); Expectations
(ON); Objectives (QC)
Table of Curricular Relevance by Course
Computers with Internet access.
Student Work Sheet
Early Canadiana Online: Canada in the Making
Essay writing resources can be found in the Writing An Essay
unit on ECO:
Other links can be found in the Student Work Sheet.
Students will need
An understanding of Web navigation symbols, tools and terminology,
particularly the tools used in ECO.
Familiarity with research and essay writing skills.
A basic understanding of the basic shape of Canadian history,
especially from the 18th century on.
Ask students for the definition of biculturalism (in the Canadian
context). Briefly discuss:
Hand out Student Work Sheets and introduce students to the ECO Canada
In the Making Web site. Read the assignment and discuss.
Have students search for the required information in each document.
They should try to make balanced observations and anticipate opposing
arguments. It may be efficient for individuals to conduct research
together. Extra credit could be given for comments about the documents
not specifically identified on the Student Work Sheet.
Discuss the current relationship between English and French Canada
in light of their research into its roots.
Do they think things are better or worse now? In what ways?
How could things have turned out differently? Discuss alternate
courses of action for the British after conquest and the possible
outcomes of such actions.
See the Suggested Rubric.
Students could write a fictional account of the events from the
perspective of a member of the one of the groups below: