North America Act, 1867 (bilingual)
(Now renamed Constitution Act, 1867)
Some important sections:
- Section 3: A new Dominion formed from the
Province of Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, under the name of Canada.
- Section 9: The Queen holds executive power.
16: The seat of government is to be in Ottawa.
- Section 17: There
will be one Parliament of Canada, consisting of the Queen, the Senate, and the
House of Commons.
- Sections 21-36: Set the rules and composition
of the Senate.
- Sections 27-52: Set the rules and composition
of the House of Commons.
- Sections 69-90: Set the rules and
composition of the provincial legislatures.
- Section 91: Sets
the powers of Parliament.
- Section 92: Sets the powers of the
- Section 93: Puts education under provincial
authority and protects separate schools.
- Section 95: Puts agriculture
and immigration under joint provincial-federal authority, with federal laws superior.
- Section 102: Creates the Consolidated Revenue Fund.
Section 109: British Columbia, Ontario, Québec, New Brunswick and Nova
Scotia are given constitutional control over their land and natural resources.
- Section 118: Sets the sums to be paid to provincial governments
to maintain their governments.
- Section 133: Either French or
English may be used, and all documents are to be in both languages.
146-147: Make provision for other provinces or territories (including Rupert's
Land) to join Confederation.