other Aboriginal nations forever give up their land rights to
the government of Canada for European settlement in current-day
northern Ontario. In return for giving up these rights, they received:
- 2.5 square kilometers of reserve land for each family of five
or 600 square meters for each person.
- $8 per person each year, plus an additional $4 annually for
the family head; chiefs get $32 and an extra $8 payment. They
also get a flag and a copy of the treaty.
- The right to hunt and fish on ceded land, except land used
for forestry, mining, settlement or other purposes.
- $1 per family head for ammunition and fishing net twine.
- Funds to hire teachers, construct school buildings, and buy
educational equipment as the government of Canada sees fit.
- A census to keep track of how many Aboriginals there were
in each band, mainly for financial compensation purposes.
Farming assistance is not mentioned, unlike the other Numbered
Treaties, presumably due to the geography of the land.
In return for the aforementioned items, the Aboriginals had to:
- Promise they would keep the peace and maintain law and order.
- Never possess any liquor on their reserves. (The introduction
of alcohol in Aboriginal society had led to disorder in the