Wood Cree, Plains Indians
and other Aboriginals give up their land rights to the government
of Canada for European settlement in current-day Alberta and Saskatchewan
forever. In return for giving up these rights, they received:
- 2.5 kilometers of reserve land for each family of five. These
reserves may be sold by the government of Canada with due compensation,
so long as they have the permission of Aboriginal bands and
any such sale is done for the benefit of the First
- $12 per person at the treaty signing and an additional $5
each year; chiefs get one horse, one harness and one wagon or
- Farming tools.
- The right to hunt and fish on ceded land, except land used
for forestry, mining, settlement or other purposes.
- $1,500 a year for ammunition and fishing net twine.
- Schools on reserves.
- A census to keep track of how many Aboriginals there were
in each band, mainly for financial compensation purposes.
- A medicine chest to be kept in the home of an Indian Agent
for the use and benefit of the Aboriginals.
- Additional assistance, if necessary, for famine or pestilence
In return for the aforementioned items, the Aboriginals had to:
- Promise they would keep the peace and maintain law and order.
- Never possess any liquor on their reserves. (The introduction
of alcohol in Aboriginal society had led to disorder in the