Numbered Treaty Six

Document Summary:
Wood Cree, Plains Indians and other Aboriginals give up their land rights to the government of Canada for European settlement in current-day Alberta and Saskatchewan forever. In return for giving up these rights, they received:

  • 2.5 kilometers of reserve land for each family of five. These reserves may be sold by the government of Canada with due compensation, so long as they have the permission of Aboriginal bands and any such sale is done for the benefit of the First Nations.

  • $12 per person at the treaty signing and an additional $5 each year; chiefs get one horse, one harness and one wagon or two carts.

  • Farming tools.

  • The right to hunt and fish on ceded land, except land used for forestry, mining, settlement or other purposes.

  • $1,500 a year for ammunition and fishing net twine.

  • Schools on reserves.

  • A census to keep track of how many Aboriginals there were in each band, mainly for financial compensation purposes.

  • A medicine chest to be kept in the home of an Indian Agent for the use and benefit of the Aboriginals.

  • Additional assistance, if necessary, for famine or pestilence relief.

In return for the aforementioned items, the Aboriginals had to:

  • Promise they would keep the peace and maintain law and order.

  • Never possess any liquor on their reserves. (The introduction of alcohol in Aboriginal society had led to disorder in the past.)