Morris's Recommendations Regarding Half-Breeds, 1876 - 1880
Morris, a Numbered Treaty negotiator for the federal government,
talks about three classes of mixed bloods or Métis
peoples in Canada:
- Those who have been completely assimilated into white Canadian
society and own farms and homes.
- Those who identify with the Aboriginals but are pursuing an
- Those who identify with the Aboriginals, and are pursuing
a hunting and fishing lifestyle.
Morris says that the first class has been "confirmed by
the Government in their holdings" and rank among the proper
members of Canadian society.
The second has been classified as "Indian" under the
Indian Act, 1876, and therefore
live on reserves for the purposes of eventual assimilation into
The third holds no rank, and risks starvation with the disappearing
buffalo herds. Morris feels they should be brought into treaty
negotiations so they can be classified as being Indian for the
purposes of assimilation.