Indian Act, 1876
Articles 1 - 2: Name the document as the Indian Act, 1876, and
the Minister of the Interior as being responsible for Aboriginal
Article 3: Defines various terms in the act, including the word
An Indian is any male person of Indian blood reputed to belong
to a particular band, any child of such person, and any woman
who is or was lawfully married to such person.
Articles 4 - 10: Deal with administration of reserve land.
Articles 11 - 20: Deal with protection of reserve land from other
settlers. Outlines the government's right to lumber and minerals
beneath the surface.
Articles 21 - 22: Deal with special reserves, and conditions
in the event of a break-up of reserves.
Articles 23 - 24: Make Aboriginals responsible for road repairs
Articles 25 - 30: Spell out Criminal Code provisions for the
illegal obtainment of reserve land, sale of alcohol and removal
Articles 31 - 69: Deal with management and sale of Indian lands.
Articles 74 - 78: Deal with the swearing in of non-Christian
Indians in court under oath.
Articles 79 - 85: Deal with Criminal Code penalties for sale
and consumption of intoxicants on reserve.
Articles 95 - 96: Legal clauses regarding the use of affidavits
and other documentary evidence used under the Act.