British North America Act, 1867
(Now renamed Constitution
Some important sections:
- Section 3: A new Dominion formed from
the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, under the name of Canada.
- Section 9: The Queen holds executive power.
16: The seat of government is to be in Ottawa.
- Section 17: There
will be one Parliament of Canada, consisting of the Queen, the Senate, and the
House of Commons.
- Sections 21-36: Set the rules and composition
of the Senate.
- Sections 27-52: Set the rules and composition
of the House of Commons.
- Sections 69-90: Set the rules and composition
of the provincial legislatures.
- Section 91: Sets the powers
- Section 92: Sets the powers of the provincial legislatures.
- Section 93: Puts education under provincial authority and protects
- Section 95: Puts agriculture and immigration
under joint provincial-federal authority, with federal laws superior.
- Section 102: Creates the Consolidated Revenue Fund.
118: Sets the sums to be paid to provincial governments to maintain their governments.
- Section 133: Either French or English may be used, and all documents
are to be in both languages.
- Sections 146-147: Make provision
for other provinces or territories (including Rupert's Land) to join Confederation.