First World War unit records by province or region

As Canada mobilized for the First World War, each new unit of the Canadian Expeditionary Force published a register, or Nominal Roll of Officers, Non-commissioned Officers and Men, listing the names, ranks, countries of birth, and dates and places of enlistment for each member of the unit, often with next of kin and address. These records are being acquired, preserved, and released for convenient access on Early Canadiana Online as part of the centennial of the First World War.

Background

Canada had only 3,100 under arms in August 1914, few countries having entered a major international conflict with less military preparation. The creation of a Canadian contingent in Europe depended on an influx of volunteers drawn from the civilian population as well as the larger Canadian militia, whose structure and organization is detailed in the Quarterly Militia List of the Dominion of Canada (1899-1917).
 
These registers describe units as recruited and organized in Canada, often within a particular geographical region. Page one usually lists the commanding officers in order of rank; other members follow on succeeding pages in alphabetical order. Many of these battalions were broken up on arrival in Europe and absorbed into existing reserve units before being fed piecemeal to reinforce units at the Front.

Select titles

Ontario

• 110th Battalion "Perth" / Perth, ON (1915)

• 116th Battalion "Ontario County" / recruited in Uxbridge, ON / part of 9th Infantry Brigade (1917)

• 119th Battalion "Algoma" / Sault Ste. Marie, ON (1917)

• 141st Battalion "Rainy River District" / Fort Frances, ON (1917)

• 142nd Battalion "London's Own" / London, ON (1917)

• 146th Battalion / Kingston, ON (1917)

• 153rd Battalion "Wellington" / Guelph, ON (1917)

• 154th Battalion "Stormont-Dundas-Glengarry" / Cornwall, ON (1917)

• 157th Battalion "Simcoe Foresters" / Barrie, ON (1917)

• 159th Battalion "1st Algonquins" / Haileybury, ON; recruited from Nipissing and Sudbury (1917)

• 161st Battalion "Huron" / London, ON (1917)

• 162nd Battalion "Parry Sound" / Parry Sound, ON (1917)

• 164th Battalion "Halton and Dufferin" / Orangeville, ON (1917)

• 166th Battalion "Queen's Own Rifles of Canada" / Toronto, ON (1917)

• 168th Battalion "Oxfords" / Oxford County, ON (1917)

• 169th Battalion / Toronto, ON (1917)

• 170th Battalion "Mississauga Horse" / Toronto, ON (1917)

• 180th Battalion "Sportsmen" (1917)

• 205th Battalion, 1st and 2nd Reinforcing Drafts "Tiger" / Hamilton, ON, named for Hamilton Tigers athletic club (1917)

• 207th Battalion "Ottawa-Carleton" / Ottawa, ON (1917)

• 215th Battalion "2nd Overseas Battalion of 38th Regiment Dufferin Rifles" / Brantford, ON (1917)

• 216th Battalion "Bantams" / Toronto, ON (1917)

• 241st Battalion "Canadian Scottish Borderers" / Windsor, ON (1917)

• 255th Battalion "Queen's Own Rifles of Canada" / Toronto, ON (1917)

• 256th Battalion / Toronto, ON (1917)

• C Squadron, 7th Regiment Canadian Mounted Rifles / London, ON / recruited in Toronto (1915)

• Ontario Military Hospital, C.A.M.C. (1916)

Western Canada

• 1st Regiment Canadian Mounted Rifles / Brandon, MB (1915)

• 2nd Infantry Brigade Headquarters and 5th Battalion "Western Cavalry" / recruited in Brandon, Manitoba; Saskatoon, Regina and Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan; Red Deer, Alberta and Merritt and Vernon, British Columbia (1915)

• 3rd Canadian Mounted Regiment / Medicine Hat, AB (1915)

• 101st Battalion "Winnipeg Light Infantry" (1917)

• 102nd Battalion / recruited in British Columbia, part of 11th Infantry Brigade (1915)

• 113th Battalion "Lethbridge Highlanders" / Lethbridge, AB (1917)

• 151st Battalion "Central Alberta" / Calgary, AB, recruited in Strathcona, Battle River, and Red Deer (1917)

• 158th Battalion "Duke of Connaught's Own" / Vancouver, BC (1917)

• 174th Battalion "Cameron Highlanders of Canada" / Winnipeg, MB / recruited in Manitoba, northern Saskatchewan, and Alberta (1917)

• 175th Battalion "Medicine Hat" / Medicine Hat, AB (1917)

• 188th Battalion "Saskatchewan" / Prince Albert, SK (1917)

• 194th Battalion "Edmonton Highlanders" / Edmonton, AB (1917)

• 195th Battalion "City of Regina" / Regina, SK (1917)

• 196th Battalion and Reinforcing Draft "Western Universities" / Winnipeg, MB (1915)

• 197th Battalion "Vikings of Canada" / Winnipeg, MB (1917)

• 203rd Battalion "Winnipeg Rifles" / Winnipeg, MB (1917)

• 209th Battalion "Swift Current" / Swift Current, SK (1917)

• 210th Battalion "Frontiersmen" / Moose Jaw, SK (1917)

• 217th Battalion "Qu'Appelle" / Moosomin, SK (1917)

• 223rd Battalion "Canadian Scandinavians" / recruits primarily Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, American, and Czech (1917)

• 239th Battalion (1917)

• No. 2 Tunnelling Company / Calgary, recruits from Alberta and British Columbia (1915)

Quebec

• 5th Pioneer Battalion (1917)

• 3rd Infantry Brigade Headquarters and 13th Battalion "Royal Highlanders of Canada" / Montreal (1915) [1]

• 148th Battalion / Montreal, QC (1917)

• 167th Battalion, 1st and 2nd Reinforcing Drafts "Canadian-Français" / became the Quebec Recruiting Depot (1917)

• 242nd Battalion / Montreal, QC (absorbed into the Canadian Forestry Corps) (1917)

• Borden's Armoured Battery / Montreal, QC (1915)

Maritimes

• 1st and 2nd Reinforcing Drafts from 82nd Regiment to 105th Battalion (1917) [1]

• 16th Field Ambulance (1917)

• 104th Battalion / Sussex, NB (1915)

• 105th Battalion "Prince Edward Island Highlanders" / Charlottetown, PEI (1917)

• 106th Battalion "Nova Scotia Rifles" / Truro, NS, absorbed into 40th Battalion (1917)

• 115th Battalion "New Brunswick" / Saint John, NB (1917)

• 140th Battalion "St. John's Tigers" / Saint John, NB (1917)

• 145th Battalion "New Brunswick" / formed part of the Canadian Training Depot (1917)

• 193rd Battalion "Nova Scotia Highlanders" / Truro, NS (1917)

• 6th Canadian Field Artillery Brigade / Fredericton, NB, recruited in Prince Edward Island (1915)